I hope you enjoyed the information provided in the glossary, although many of you are familiar with these instruments, the significance and origins may not be clear. I have supplied six titles that will help your understanding of developments in music, spirituality and the journey of our ancestors.

May God bless you all, Carlos Pride

Berliner, Paul. "The Soul of Mbira" University of Chicago Press Edition 1993

Locke, David. "Drum Damba" White Cliffs Media Company 1990

Chernoff, John. "African Rhythm and African Sensibility" University of Chicago Press 1979

Olmos, Margarite and Gebert, Lizabeth. "Creole Religions of the Caribbean" New York University Press 2003

Dobson, Howard. "Jubilee" The National Geographic Society 2002

Southern, Eileen. "The Music of Black Americans" W.W. Norton & Company 1997


Bata Djembe Dunun Mbira Talking Drum Supplemental Reading